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The Sea of Galilee Observatory (SGAO) is located in the southern part of the sea of Galilee, next to the first Kibbutz in the world, Degania. The coordinates are: longitude 324 degrees, 26 arc minutes to west; latitude 32 degrees, 43 arc minutes to north, 200 meters below sea level. This location accords the observatory a unique place among all observatories in the world. The advantages are the possibilities opened up for atmospheric investigation which focuses on atmospheric transmission and its influence on stellar light. In spite of this, the major part of the investigations at SGAO focus on the magnetic processes on stars and the Sun. The Sea of Galilee Observatory has been created in 1992 and operates as part of a national research and educational programs in cooperation with the Wise Observatory  of Tel Aviv University (Prof. Noah Brosh) and Space Weather & Cosmic Ray Center of Israel Space Agency and Tel Aviv University (Prof. Lev Dorman, Dr. Lev Pustil'nik). SGAO realizes scientific educational programs in cooperation with school based observatories in Karmiel and Nazareth (North Galilee region of the Israel).

Sea of Galilee Observatory (http://www2.kinneret.ac.il/bloss/gaogen.htm#research) and accompanied scholl-based observatories includes next telescopes:
I. 16" LX200 MEADE telescope (focus: 4064mm; f/10) with stellar UBVRI photometer, CCD camera ST-6 ; set of small telescopes: one telescope 12" LX200 MEADE (focus: 3048mm; f/10 ) and two telescopes MEAD 8" (both with solar filters for regular observations of sunspots); 3-m solar radio telescope (5 spectral channels of registration with wavelengths 4.6, 4.8, 5.0, 5.2, 5.4 cm and time resolution 1 millisecond); ORT MEGADIM high school Observatory in Carmiel includes 16" LX200 MEADE telescope with 2 sets of filters UBVR and RGB and CCD camera ST-8; Emilio Segre Cosmic Ray Observatory of Israel Space Weather & Cosmic Ray Center on the Mount Hermon has neutron super-monitor and muon multidirectional telescope (in mounting). Tasks for astrophysical research: variable stars, atmospheric extinction, solar and flare stars activity. Tasks for education: matter for ASTROTOP projects (http://www2.kinneret.ac.il/bloss/astrotop/index.html) and for high school diploma projects with professional support of student's research (several tens participants in year), "Days of Science" and summer astronomical camps , astronomical clubs for amateur astronomers (thousands participants in year) supported by our mobile astronomical laboratory (http://www2.kinneret.ac.il/bloss/mal.htm).